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Contributors

        Consulting Editor

        LEE A. FLEISHER, MD, FACC, FAHA
        Robert D. Dripps Professor and Chair of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Professor of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

        Editors

        ALISON J. BRAINARD, MD
        Associate Professor of Anesthesiology, Co-Director of Well-being, Medical Director, Cherry Creek North Ambulatory Surgical Center, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado
        LYNDSAY M. HOY, MD
        Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

        Authors

        DANIEL ABRAHAM, MD
        Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
        ANOUSHKA M. AFONSO, MD, FASA
        Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York
        KAMNA S. BALHARA, MD, MA, FACEP
        Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine, Emergency Medicine Residency Program, Assistant Director, Health Humanities at Hopkins EM, Co-Director, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Department of Emergency Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland
        OLIVER BAWMANN, MD
        Resident Physician, Internal Medicine-Pediatrics Department, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado
        LAURA K. BERENSTAIN, MD, FASA, ACC
        Adjunct Professor of Clinical Anesthesiology, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio
        ALAN ROBERT BIELSKY, MD
        Associate Professor, University of Colorado School of Medicine. Director of Pain Service, Children’s Hospital Colorado, Colorado
        NATALIE J. BODMER, MD
        Adult Cardiothoracic Anesthesiology Fellow, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California
        KENNETH B. BROWN, Jr., MD
        Department of Anesthesiology, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
        STEPHANIE I. BYERLY, MD
        Professor, Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Management, University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas, Texas
        THOMAS J. CARUSO, MD, MEd
        Clinical Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California
        JOYCE M. CHANG, MD
        Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Care, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California
        FEI CHEN, PhD, MEd
        Department of Anesthesiology, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
        MALISSA CLARK, PhD
        Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia
        SHEELA PAI COLE, MD, FASE, FASA
        Clinical Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, California
        ARIANNA COOK, MD, MPH
        Department of Anesthesiology, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
        CHRISTOPHER COWART, MD
        Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania
        ELIZABETH W. DUGGAN, MD, MA
        Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama
        MICHAEL R. EHMANN, MD, MPH, MS, FACEP
        Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine, Emergency Medicine Residency Program, Associate Director, Health Humanities at Hopkins EM, Faculty, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Department of Emergency Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland
        CAROLYN BERGER FOLEY, MD
        Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Children’s Hospital Colorado, Colorado
        ANNERY G. GARCIA-MARCINKIEWICZ, MD, MSCE
        Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
        MICHAEL A. GROPPER, MD, PhD
        Professor and Chair, Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Care, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California
        KUSH GUPTA, BS
        Medical Student, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California
        NATHAN IRVIN, MD, MSHPR, FACEP
        Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine, Health Humanities at Hopkins EM, Co-Director, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Department of Emergency Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; Center Faculty for the Center for Mental Health and Addiction Policy Research at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
        HUNG-MO LIN, ScD
        Professor, Department of Population Health Science and Policy, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York
        LAUREN LISANN-GOLDMAN, MD
        Cardiothoracic Anesthesiology Fellow, Department of Anesthesiology, Montefiore Medical Center, New York, New York
        STEVEN R. LOWENSTEIN, MD, MPH
        Professor of Emergency Medicine and Medicine, Associate Dean of Faculty Affairs, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado
        BRYAN MAHONEY, MD
        Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Mount Sinai Morningside and West Hospitals, New York, New York
        ELIZABETH B. MALINZAK, MD
        Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina
        REBECCA D. MARGOLIS, DO, FAOCA
        Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology Critical Care Medicine, Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California
        SCOTT D. MARKOWITZ, MD
        Vice Chair for Professional Development and Diversity, Professor of Anesthesiology, Equity, and Inclusion, Department of Anesthesiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri
        SUSAN M. MARTINELLI, MD, FASA
        Department of Anesthesiology, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
        MADELYN MENDLEN
        Medical Student, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado
        DORRE NICHOLAU, MD, PhD
        Professor, Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Care, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California
        BARBARA ORLANDO, MD, PhD
        Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, McGovern Medical School, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Memorial Hermann Hospital, Houston, Texas
        TRAVIS REECE-NGUYEN, MD, MPH, FAAP
        Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative, and Pain Medicine, Division of Pediatric Anesthesiology, Stanford Medicine, Stanford, California
        KELSEY M. REPINE, MD
        Resident Physician, Anesthesiology Department, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado
        LEELACH ROTHSCHILD, MD
        Associate Professor of Clinical Anesthesiology, University of Illinois Hospital and Health Sciences System, Chicago, Illinois
        AUDREY SHAFER, MD
        Professor, Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Anesthesia, Palo Alto, California
        SHAHLA SIDDIQUI, MD, DABA, MSc, FCCM
        Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
        JINA L. SINSKEY, MD, FASA
        Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Care, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California
        SARAH S. TITLER, MD
        Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesia, Division of Pediatric Anesthesia, Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa
        ALBERT H. TSAI, MD
        Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California
        AMY E. VINSON, MD, FAAP
        Assistant Professor of Anaesthesia, Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Boston Children’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
        JO M. VOGELI, PhD
        Assistant Professor, Health and Well-being Psychologist, Department of Anesthesiology Well-being Program, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colorado
        CIERA WARD, MD
        Christus Mother Frances Hospital, Anesthesia, Tyler, Texas