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Extending Perioperative Analgesia with Ultrasound-Guided, Percutaneous Cryoneurolysis, and Peripheral Nerve Stimulation (Neuromodulation)

  • Rodney A. Gabriel
    Affiliations
    Division of Regional Anesthesia and Acute Pain medicine, Department of Anesthesiology, University of California, San Diego, 200 West Arbor Drive, San Diego, California 92103-8990, USA
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  • Brian M. Ilfeld
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author. Department of Anesthesiology, 9500 Gilman Drive, MC 0898, La Jolla, CA 92093-0898.
    Affiliations
    Division of Regional Anesthesia and Acute Pain medicine, Department of Anesthesiology, University of California, San Diego, 200 West Arbor Drive, San Diego, California 92103-8990, USA

    Department of Anesthesiology, 9500 Gilman Drive, MC 0898, La Jolla, CA 92093-0898, USA
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