Poetry and Medicine


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        • Frost R.
        The road not taken.
        (Available at:) (Accessed September 3, 2021)
        • Auden W.H.
        Funeral blues.
        (Available at:) (Accessed September 3, 2021)
      1. Excerpt from Four Weddings and a Funeral.
        (Available at:) (Accessed September 3, 2021)
        • Tuama P.Ó.
        Poetry unbound. On Being podcast platform.
        (Available at:) (Accessed September 6, 2021)
      2. Author guidelines, Anesthesia and Analgesia section: The Human Experience.
        (Available at:) (Accessed September 4, 2021)
      3. Author guidelines, Anesthesiology section: Mind to Mind.
        (Available at:) (Accessed September 4, 2021)
        • Belli A.
        • Coulehan J.
        Blood and Bone: Poems by Physicians.
        University of Iowa Press, Iowa (USA)1998
      4. Litmed: literature, arts, medicine database, NYU Langone Health.
        (Available at:) (Accessed September 4, 2021)
        • Paul Kalanithi Writing Award
        Stanford Medicine and the Muse Program.
        (Available at:) (Accessed September 4, 2021)
        • Irvin D.
        Yalom Literary Award, Pegasus Physician Writers.
        (Available at:) (Accessed September 4, 2021)
      5. Hippocrates Initiative for Poetry and Medicine.
        (Available at:) (Accessed September 4, 2021)
        • Williams W.C.
        Annual Poetry Competition, Northeastern Ohio Medical University College of Medicine.
        (Available at:) (Accessed September 4, 2021)
      6. (For short stories, see)
        • Williams W.C.
        The doctor stories, compiled by Robert Coles.
        New Directions, New York1984
      7. For sample poem, Williams WC. The Last Words of My English Grandmother.
        (Available at:) (Accessed September 6, 2021)
        • Keats J.
        Ode to a Nightingale.
        (Available at:) (Accessed September 8, 2021)
        • Browne K.
        Documentary film, Why Doctors Write Trailer.
        (available at:) (Accessed September 8, 2021)
        • Nussbaum M.
        Love’s knowledge: essays on philosophy and literature.
        Oxford University Press, Oxford1990: 47
        • Childers C.
        Translation of Sappho 31. In: Literary matters: The Association of Literary Scholars, Critics and Writers.
        (Available at:) (Accessed September 3, 2021)
        • Dickinson E.
        Pain has an element of blank.
        (Available at: MedHumChat) (Accessed September 4, 2021. From Dickinson E. Complete Poems Part One: Life XIX. Boston: Little, Brown and Company)
        • Boateng A.
        Grief, what is your name? Anesthesia and Analgesia 2021; 133:289.
        (Available at:) (Accessed September 6, 2021)
      8. Shafer A. Anesthesia Is a Poem. Presented at the Aesthetics and anesthetics: Boundaries and crossings in poetry and anesthesia. International Health Humanities Consortium Conference. Chicago, poster, March 28, 2019.

        • Shafer A.
        Metaphor and anesthesia.
        Anesthesiology. 1995; 83: 1331-1342
        • Edson M.
        Farrar, Straus & Giroux, New York1999
        • Jensen A.
        • Bonde O.
        The use of arts interventions for mental health and wellbeing in health settings.
        Perspect Public Health. 2018; 138: 209-214
        • Shapiro J.
        Healing words: My journey with poetry and medicine.
        Fam Syst Health. 2020; 38 (335): 334-337
        • Davies E.A.
        Why we need more poetry in palliative care.
        BMJ Support Palliat Care. 2018; 8: 266-270
        • Balchin R.
        • Hersh D.
        • Grantis J.
        • et al.
        ”Ode to confidence”: poetry groups for dysarthria in multiple sclerosis.
        Int J Speech Lang Pathol. 2020; 22: 347-358
        • Arruda M.A.
        • Garcia M.A.
        • Garcia J.B.
        Evaluation of the effects of music and poetry in oncologic pain relief: A randomized clinical trial.
        J Palliat Med. 2016; 19: 943-948
        • Xiang D.H.
        • Yi A.M.
        A look back and a path forward: Poetry’s healing power during the pandemic.
        J Med Humanit. 2020; 41 (605): 603-608
      9. Pegasus Physician Writers.
        (Available at:) (Accessed September 8, 2021)
      10. Stanford Stuck@Home concert series.
        (Available at:) (Accessed September 8, 2021)
      11. Biomedical ethics and medical humanities medical scholars funded projects.
        (Available at:) (Accessed September 8, 2021)
      12. Reflective writing session for healthcare workers and their loved ones.
        (Available at:) (Accessed September 8, 2021)
        • MacCormick H.
        How writing helps medical students and doctors handle stress. Scopeblog.
        (Available at:) (Accessed September 8, 2021.)